Detailed Topic-Wise UPSC Prelims Syllabus In English And Hindi

UPSC Prelims Syllabus

The UPSC prelims are the first round of examinations to filter IAS examination candidates. It comprises two papers, namely Paper I (also called General Studies I) and Paper II (also called General Studies II), with a total of 400 marks. The General Studies I paper has a total of 100 questions, and the General Studies II paper (also called CSAT) has a total of 80 questions. Both papers must be completed in two hours with the medium language as English or Hindi. To excel in the UPSC prelims examination, it is important to thoroughly understand the UPSC prelims syllabus and prepare a strategy for your preparation of both the General Studies I and General Studies II or CSAT paper.

Detailed Topic-wise Syllabus for UPSC Prelims

All the information regarding UPSC prelims, including the topic-wise syllabus, is available online. The UPSC syllabus in Hindi is a beneficial source for candidates opting for the Hindi language in the UPSC prelims examination. It provides a detailed syllabus analysis and helps the aspirant prepare efficiently using the right study material. A comprehensive view of the UPSC prelims syllabus is given below:

Paper-I (General Studies-I)

The General Studies-I paper includes:

  • Current affairs of national and global significance
  • Indian history and the Indian national movement

Early history

  • Prehistoric era
  • Rig Vedic period
  • Later Vedic period
  • Indus Valley civilisation
  • Mauryan era
  • Post morion era
  • Gupta period
  • Harshvardhan hour period
  • Dynasties of South India
  • Buddhism
  • Jainism

Medieval history

  • Prime dynasties of India (including Pallavas, Chalukyas, Rashtrakutas, Cholas, etc.)
  • The Mogul Empire
  • The Rajputs
  • The Delhi Sultanate
  • The Maratha empire
  • The fall of the Mughal Empire
  • The Vijaynagar Empire.

Modern history

  • European emergence
  • British empire expansion
  • British economic policies
  • British administration
  • The 1857 revolt
  • The civil services development
  • Development of education in India
  • Development of press in India
  • Social reforms and religious reforms
  • Peasant movement in India
  • Indian national movement 12 and three
  • Viceroys of India
  • Governor generals of India
  • Constitution of India
  • Indian geography and world geography (physical, social, economical)

Evolution of Earth


  • The earth‘s interior
  • Formation of rocks and The Rock system
  • The geomorphic processes
  • Earthquakes and volcanoes
  • Oceans and continents
  • Landforms across the globe


  • Hydrosphere
  • Temperature and salinity
  • Waves, Tiles, Karan, and oceans
  • Corals
  • Submarine relief 
  • Marine resources


  • Atmosphere
  • Temperature Inversion
  • Insolation and Heat Budget
  • Air Mass, Fronts, Cyclones, and Jet Streams
  • Wind
  • Pressure Belts
  • Precipitation
  • Different Climate Zones across the World


  • Characteristics of soil
  • Vegetation Resources

Human Geography and Economic Geography

  • Demography and Census
  • Human Development
  • Economic Activities
  • Transportation and Communication
  • International Trade
  • Settlement

Indian Geography

  • Physiography of India
  • Drainage System
  • Climate
  • Soils in India
  • Natural Vegetation
  • Population
  • Settlements and Urbanisation
  • Land Resources
  • Mineral Resources
  • Energy Resources
  • Agriculture and Basic Terminology
  • Recent developments in agriculture
  • Productivity of Crops
  • Industry
  • Transport
  • Recent improvements in Industries and Transportation

World Regional Geography

Continents, Countries, and Cities

  • Indian politics and governance:
  • system of polity
  • Constitutional Evolution 
  • The Indian Constitution
  • public policy
  • Union & Its Territory
  • UT and Special Areas
  • Citizenship
  • Fundamental Rights and duties
  • State Policy Directive Principles
  • System of Governance
  • Union Executive
  • Union Legislature
  • State Executive
  • State Legislature
  • Local Government
  • Judiciary
  • Constitutional & Non-Constitutional Bodies
  • Panchayati Raj
  • Political Dynamics 
  • Governance
  • International Relations
  • Economic development, including sustainable development:

Basic Concepts 

  • Macroeconomic Concepts
  • Microeconomic Concepts

Economic Measurements

  • National Income Calculation
  • Economic Growth and Development
  • Inflation


  • Money Function & Classification
  • Financial Market Instruments
  • Indian Banking Structure
  • Public Finance in India
  • Budgeting
  • Fiscal Policy
  • Center-state Distribution
  • Tax Structure in India


  • Meaning, Objective & History
  • Planning Institutions
  • Five Year Plans in India
  • NITI Aayog

Open Economy

  • Foreign Trade Concepts
  • International Organisations
  • Trade Agreements
  • Recent Development

Economic Sectors

  • Poverty
  • Employment and Unemployment

Government Schemes/Programmes

  • Social development (including inclusion, poverty, initiatives by the social sector, etc.)
  • General Science
  • Science & Technology
  • Technology in India
  • Space
  • IT and Communication
  • Materials and Nanotechnology
  • Robotics
  • Defense
  • Nuclear Technology
  • Intellectual Property Rights
  • Biotechnology
  • Affairs on environmental ecology, biological diversity, and climate change:

Ecology & Environment

  • Origin of Life
  • General Concepts of Ecology
  • Ecosystem Functioning
  • Population Ecology
  • Species adaptation and Interactions
  • Terrestrial and Aquatic Ecosystems
  • Nutrient Cycling


  • Basics of Biodiversity
  • Animal and Plant Diversity
  • Threats to Biodiversity
  • Biodiversity Conservation
  • Estuaries, Mangroves, Coral Reefs, Wetlands

Resource Degradation and Management

Environmental Pollution

Climate Change

Environmental Governance

Paper-II (General Studies-II or CSAT)

The General Studies-II paper includes:

  • Comprehension
  • Interpersonal skills 
  • communication skills
  • Logical reasoning 
  • Analytical ability
  • Decision-making 
  • Problem-solving
  • General mental ability
  • General numerical ability (Class-X level), 
  • Data interpretation (Class-X level)

UPSC Prelims Syllabus in Hindi

The syllabus for the UPSC Prelims examination in Hindi is available for the students undertaking the examination in the Hindi language. It is a detailed representation of topics to be prepared for the paper-I (General Studies-I) and paper-II (General Studies-II), explained in the Hindi language. You can also check out online resources like the BYJUS exam prep website to get more details about it.